The African history is very complex and broad, having been more often than not under-appreciated by the global historical community for reasons yet untold.
Africa, particularly Eastern Africa, is widely acknowledged as the origin of human beings and the Hominidae clade or great apes.
The earliest hominids and their ancestors have been dated back to around seven million years ago, including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster— the fossils of earliest Homo sapiens are found in Ethiopia, South Africa, and Morocco, dating to circa 200,000, 259,000, and 300,000 years ago respectively.
Humans, historically are believed to have emerged out of Africa around 350,000–260,000 years ago with the earliest human civilizations, such as Ancient Egypt and Carthage originating in North Africa.
Following a subsequent long and complex history of civilizations, migration and trade. The continent Africa hosts large diversities of ethnicities, cultures and languages. In the last 400 years, the continent has witnessed an increasing European influence emerging from the 16th century. This was driven by trade, including the Trans-Atlantic slave trade, which created large African diaspora populations in the Western World. In the late 19th century, European countries colonized almost all of Africa, extracting human and natural resources as well as exploiting local communities.
Today, most regions and states in Africa come into being from the decolonisation process in the 20th century.