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Four Sexually Transmitted Diseases that Causes Infertility

If a person has STDs, they must complete the medication cycle to avoid re-infection. It is recommended that patients are not allow themselves to engage in any sexual activities before this. When it comes to health and wellness, there is no such thing as “overly cautious”.

During the pandemic, people began to better understand reproductive health.Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) or sexually transmitted infections (STI) are spread through sexual contact and in some cases can be caused by bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Although men and women have the same risk of contracting it, women’s symptoms can become more severe and cause infertility. The reason it should be taken seriously is because “Sexually transmitted infections can cause long-term harm to women by causing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), pelvic abscess, tubal obstruction, and hydrosalpinx in the form of tubal damage. This can cause infertility, tubal pregnancy and chronicity. Pelvic pain “. Some STDs, like syphilis, can even cause congenital infections in babies.

Listed below are four STDs and explainations on how they cause infertility.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

HIV-infected persons are mainly of childbearing age. This is a serious but controllable disease that can affect a person’s reproductive health. Several HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related comorbidities, such as orchitis, acute epididymitis, and PID are related to infertility. In other words, there are available assisted reproduction options, such as IUI/IVF, which can make it a safer choice to have children among couples with inconsistent serum.

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is one of the most common venereal diseases. It is a bacterial infection that affects both men and women, and there is a risk of transmitting the disease to pregnant women’s children. In most women, chlamydia infection occurs during puberty and remains asymptomatic. It can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which can damage the female reproductive system and cause infertility.

Genital Herpes

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted infection that causes pain, itching, and sores in the genital area and near the mouth. It is spread through sexual contact. There is no cure for genital herpes, but treatment can help control symptoms and reduce outbreaks. Studies have shown that herpes reduces the sperm count of men and reduces the chance of a successful pregnancy with a partner. If it is not treated in time, it can even be transmitted to the newborn during childbirth. “Early diagnosis can prevent complications. If a person has STDs, they must complete drug treatment to avoid re-infection. It is recommended not to engage in any sexual activity before then. STDs can stay in the body for several years without showing any signs, so anyone who is sexually active should be screened once a year. Being tested for infection is useful for the safety of both parties,” the doctor advised.

Gonorrhea

It is a venereal disease that rarely shows symptoms and is the second most common venereal disease after chlamydia. Women may experience spots, vaginal discharge, and painful urination between periods. If left untreated, it will spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes, leading to infertility or tubal pregnancy. Gonorrhea symptoms do not always appear in men, although they may experience painful urination or discharge of mucus from the penis.

By Alexander Asiedu Ofori

A passionate writer, content creator and a Pan-African

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