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Waste Management In Africa; the business advantage.

INTRODUCTION


Waste is any worn-out substance thought of as worthless and of no use. Its disposal has become a serious global issue that challenges decision-makers and governments from both developed and developing nations. Improper disposal of waste dilutes water quality, contaminates the soil, reduces air purity as well as causes many biohazards detrimental to the health and general well-being of living organisms.


Africa, a continent faced with many socio-economic challenges, waste is further raiding the continent of its potential human and natural resources. The aftermath of improper waste management is disease outbreaks such as malaria, cholera, HIV, skin diseases, including lung infections, which have victimized many African people. In most severe cases, death was inevitable.

At most, 180 million tonnes of waste is generated annually in Africa at 0.5% per capita each day. Though it is expected to grow up to 244 million tonnes per year by 2025, there hasn’t been any tremendous development to curb the situation at hand.

THE PROBLEM


Waste management practices in Africa are inefficient, with poor segregation, collection, storage, treatment, and disposal practices. In particular, the widespread dumping of waste into water bodies and uncontrolled dumpsites aggregates the problems of generally low sanitation levels across the continent.

Urbanization, conversely, is fast rising in Africa, and there are increasing demands for affluent lifestyles, thus directly proportional to the increase in waste production. Worse off, Africa currently recycles only 4% of its waste though having its average MSW collection rate at 55%.


Hitherto, Africa continues to be at war with waste due to poor settlement planning, uncontrolled refuse dumping, lack of legal interventions, neglecting to recycle waste products, and not embracing Waste-to-Energy strategies.

THE BUSINESS ADVANTAGE


Waste is piling up on the continent, and we need a solution to reduce its numbers. To identify the business or investment advantage of waste, I’d advise not to consider all used materials waste until they have completely been discarded.


Below provides definitive information on how to transform waste into a profitable venture:

THE BUSINESS ADVANTAGE
Waste is piling up on the continent, and we need a solution to reduce its numbers. To identify the business or investment advantage of waste, I’d advise not to consider all used materials waste until they have completely been discarded.
Below provides vivid information on how to transform waste into a profitable venture:

  • Transforming Inorganic waste into Fuel
    Refuse Derived Fuel is renewable energy produced from waste. This waste is usually taken from industrial or commercial sites, including residual waste or the type of waste that is difficult to recycle. This type of energy can be used as fuel to substitute conventional fossil fuels.
  • Tailoring Organic waste into Profit
    As an easy-to-decompose material, there are plenty of ways to optimize the organic waste, such includes:
    a. Make it into compost: The easiest way to convert organic waste from refuse dumps is by composting. Composting will help enrich and also fertilize the soil for agricultural production.
    b. Turn into animal feed: Another valuable alternative to prevent ending up in dumpsites, organic waste, especially food waste, also can be diverted to animal feed for consumption and bodybuilding, thus saving you on cost for animal feeds.
    c. As a material for biogas: As popularly known, organic waste is fundamental to producing biogas and other sources of renewable energy such as biofuel. This type of energy is mostly used to produce electricity and heat.
  • Reduce the production cost
    When steps are taken to reuse and recycle waste, a business can reduce its total production cost. There are also many benefits a business could have by doing waste management, such as saving money on supplies, reducing the current waste disposal costs. In the long term, this step may avoid the environmental burden caused by producing and disposing of unnecessary materials. RELEVANCE OF WASTE MANAGEMENT
  • • Aids in organization
  • • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions
    • Protection from biohazards
    • Reduce pest infection
    • Cleans landscape
    • Protects the environment
    • Ensures physical safety
    • Improves community health
    • Provides a pleasant atmosphere
    • Improves air quality
    • Comfort in the environment
    • Avoidance of polluting the atmosphere, soil, or water system.

By Alexander Asiedu Ofori

A passionate writer, content creator and a Pan-African

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